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Why Conservation Biology?

Conservation Biology is a recent scientific discipline of synthesis that has emerged as a response to the current crisis of biodiversity and to the consequences of growing human activity over natural systems.

Some of the benchmark scientists in this sphere are: R. Primack, G. Meffe, C. Carroll and E. Wilson. The majority of authors working in this scientific discipline are in agreement with a series of basic principles facing the conservation of biodiversity and living beings:

  1. It is necessary to preserve the diversity of species and biological communities.
  2. The extinction of populations and species due to unnatural causes must be prevented.
  3. Ecological complexity must be maintained.
  4. Evolution must continue.
  5. Biological diversity has an intrinsic value in itself, as well as a series of values and services key to humans.

Conservation Biology uses the knowledge of different scientific fields (ecology, genetics, evolutionary biology...) in order to:

  1. Investigate and discover biodiversity.
  2. Understand the effects of human activity on species, communities and ecosystems.
  3. Develop practical scientific methods aimed at protecting and recovering biological diversity.
  4. Design a suitable management system aimed at protecting and recovering biodiversity.